Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS 7.0+: POVERTY AND SOCIAL ISSUES (Part 4)


Poverty in the Developing World

( A) Select an appropriate word from the box below to replenish each breach. Use each utterance once only and do not change the form.

Much of the developing world is caught in a( n) 1. __________ of styles, duelling to overcome the psychological and physical disfigures of the near past- of, in many cases, colonial or 2. __________ settle- while also funnily 3. __________ about seeing the changes necessary to 4. __________ a better future. In many cases, the parts don t add together; gigantic regions of africa and The countries of latin america, for example, are resource-rich and 5. __________ well-positioned to make their recognize in the 21 st century, but, alas, there is something impounding them back. For some, the source of the problem lies very high up definitely; in corrupt and/ or unstable governments, which typically rule for the privileged few while the 6. __________ numerous struggle on in 7. __________. Others are razed by times or even decades of tribal combat and 8. __________, and yet more have simply been the victims of misfortune- the wrath of Mother Nature, for example, which has unleashed shortage, destitution and, at times, deliver 9. __________ on the hapless masses of much of Sub-Saharan Africa over the years.

But, whatever about the 10. __________ lawsuits, the results are as clear as period. A shortcoming of access to education and medical care has left many countries scourged by illness by and large under control in the West. Think the AIDS epidemic; that immunity-crippling terminal illness that is something that of Africa is still struggling to get a handle on. Causes like inadequate sanitation, starvation, poor or a complete lack of access to clean water, high rates of violent crime and civil 11. __________ all play their part and make contributions to the 12. __________ actuality on the dirt; high infant 13. __________ charges, low-pitched life expectancy, joblessness, substance abuse, 14. __________, benightedness; the situation for countless is catastrophic. Where, in the West, when we talk about poverty, we do so in relative terms, here, poverty is 15. __________. The poverty line is not drawn to distinguish those who can maintain a good standard of living from those to pursue its efforts to do so, but rather it marks the difference between life and death; the struggle to exist exactly long enough to welcome in another tomorrow.

absolute tyrannical doubtful limbo ostensibly squalor

underlying dishearten corruption anguish indigence mortality

safeguard subservient turmoil


( B) The words below are synonyms of or same in meaning to the answer selections for usage( A ). Write each answer-choice from( A) next to its synonym( s) below.

1. crucial/ fundamental

3. crud/ dirt

5. death

7. reluctant

9. compliant

11. position of uncertainty

13. poverty/ poverty

15. aberration/ discontent. 2. destruction

4. unjust/ autocratic

6. total

8. falsehood/ unscrupulousness

10. assure/ protect

12. demoralising/ depressing

14. apparently/ seemingly

( C) Match the words in Column A with their strongest collocates in Column B.

Column A Answer Column B

( a) humanitarian

( b) debt

( c) culture

( d) war

( e) racial

( f) religious

( g) refugee

( h) physical

( i) regime

( j) witch

( k) rebel

( i) clash

( ii) aid

( iii) change

( iv) tension

( v) doctor

( vi) camp

( vii) zealot

( viii) infrastructure

( ix) fighter

( x) crime

( xi) aid

( D) Use the response to( C) above to fill in the gaps in the convicts below.

The government has sanctioned the dispatch of __________ to the areas worst affected by the conflict. The __________ are thought to have lost substantial grind in the exchange today, and now seem unlikely to threaten the capital. The girl died after her mothers choose to make her to a( n) __________ rather than a hospice where she could get the medical care she so badly needed. He is a( n) __________ who tends up hatred with his inflammatory lectures about the misfortunes of Christendom. A(n) __________ was set up just across the border in Turkey to give those fleeing the conflict area shelter and access to basic necessaries. The U.S. is demanding __________ and has pledged to support the people of the two countries should they rise up in arms against their leaders. As yet , no flesh of __________ has been agreed, so the country remains in the incongruous orientation of having to attain debilitating repayments while the person or persons on the anchor starve. __________ is thought to have been the catalyst for the latest conflict, which is less about country than identity. The U.S. called it a( n) __________, but Syria says it played with imprisonment and in accordance with international law in self-defence. The country’s__________ has been more or less completely destroyed as a result of this long-running conflict- it will take years to rebuild. Contrary to prognosis that there would be a massive __________, the group of asylum loudspeakers have assimilated perfectly into the local community.


Poverty in the Developing World

( A)

limbo 2. despotic 3. shy 4. precaution ostensibly 6. subservient 7. squalor 8. falsification devastation 10. underlying 11. unrest 12. disheartening mortality 14. indigence 15. absolute

( B)

underlying 2. suffering 3. squalor 4. despotic mortality 6. ultimate 7. reluctant 8. immorality subservient 10. safeguard 11. limbo 12. disheartening indigence 14. ostensibly 15. unrest

( C)

a ii b. xi c. i d. x e. iv

f vii g. vi h. viii i. iii j. v k. ix

( D)

1. financial aid

2. rebel fighters

3. witch doctor

4. religious zealot

5. refugee camp 6. government change

7. debt relief

8. Racial tension

9. war crime

10. existing infrastructure

Also check 😛 TAGEND

IELTS Vocabulary volumes IELTS Grammar IELTS Vocabulary IELTS Listening Vocabulary Sports Vocabulary IELTS English Pronunciation in use Intermediate pdf Work Vocabulary IELTS Advanced Vocabulary for IELTS

Read more: feedproxy.google.com