Oxford Collocations dictionary that helps students write and speak natural-sounding English
Which oaths usually go together? This dictionary shows you the common statement compoundings( collocations) that are essential for natural-sounding British and American English. Completely revised and extended, the new copy has over 250,000 collocations and over 75,000 examples.
In recent years, both teachers and students have become increasingly aware of the importance of collocation in English language memorize. However, no matter how reassured learners are in principle of the importance of collocation, it is difficult for them to articulated these principles into practice without the benefit of an up-to-date, corpus-based dictionary of collocations. Oxford University Press were determined to provide such a dictionary to best matches the needs of students and schoolteachers. It is our hope that this dictionary will provide you with priceless assistance in expressing your projects cogently in idiomatic English.
Imagine a student writing an essay on the environment. She knows the topics she wishes to cover and the ideas and polemics to get across. She already has a stock of useful dictionary, especially high-content nouns like environment, pollution, ozone layer. What is missing are the words that can relation these high-content vocabulary pieces together into a coherent entire- a narrative or an contention. Pollution is a problem, but what needs to be done about it? Searching up the entry for pollution in the Oxford Collocations Dictionary and gliding down to the verbs section offers the choice of avoid/ prevent, combat/ domination/ fighting/ tackle, cut/ limit/ minimise/ increase or monitor. With the back-up help of a good monolingual learner’s dictionary( such as the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary) if required in order, the student can choose the most appropriate verb, the one that expresses most exactly what she wants to say.
What is collocation?
Collocation is the manner in which messages blend in a language to produce natural-sounding speech and writing. For example, in English you say strong hurricane but heavy rain. It has not been able to be normal to say* heavy breath or* strong sprinkle. And whilst all four members of these commands would be recognized by a learner at pre-inter mediate or even elementary degree, it takes a greater degree of competence with the language to combine them properly in productive use. To a native-speaker these combinations are highly predictable; to a learner they are anything but. Combinations of words in a language can be straddled on a cline from the totally free- attend a person/ gondola/ book- to the totally corrected and idiomatic- not find the grove for the trees. This idiom is not only fixed in form, it also has nothing whatever to do with wood or trees. Between these two extremes, there is a whole range of nouns that make the verb see in a waythat is neither absolutely predictable nor totally opaque as to meaning. These run from the fairly’ weak’ collocation insure a film( which elementary students learn as a’ chunk’ withoutpausing to reflect that this is not quite the literal represent of assure) through the’ medium strength’ see a doctor to the’ stronger’ collocations of learn danger/ ground/ the detail. All these combinations, apart from those at the very extremes of the cline, can be called collocation. And it is combinings such as these- particularly in the’ medium-strength’ area- that are vital to communicative ability in English.
Why is collocation important?
Collocation fees through all of the members of the English language. No fragment of natural tell or written English is totally free of collocation. For the student, choosing the right collocation will start his speech and writing sound much more natural, more native-speaker-like, even when basic intelligibility does not seem to be at issue. A student who talked about strong rainwater may compile himself understood, but maybe not without agitating a smile or a amendment, which is likely to or may not matter. He will certainly be marked down for it in an exam. But, perhaps even more importantly than this, conversation that is collocationally rich is also more precise. This is because most single commands in the English language- peculiarly the most common statements- embracing a entire stray of means, some quite definite, and some that shadow into each other by degrees. The precise gist in any situation are defined by that context: by the words that surround and blend with the core utterance by collocation. A student who chooses the best collocation will be expressed much more clearly and be able to convey not just a general implication, but something quite precise. Compare, for example, the following convicts: This is a good book and contains a lot of interesting details. This is a fascinating journal and contains a affluence of historical detail. Both convicts are perfectly’ correct’ in terms of grammar and vocabulary, but which communicates more( both about the book under discussion and the person discussing it )?
Why exploit a Collocations Dictionary?
A ordinary glossary, whether monolingual or bilingual, divides up necessitating into individual utterances; it has a lot of power in dissect the significance of a text. Its power is more limited when it comes to constructing textbooks. Good learner’s dictionaries demonstrate just as much aid as they are unable to with application, with grammar decorations clearly illustrated, registry labels and speciman sentences indicating paroles in framework. Modern dictionaries are increasingly giving attention to collocation. But they are still hampered by trying to provide a whole series of information about any message besides its collocations. A grammar renders an analysis of the general structures that exist in a language. But its beneficial power is limited by the degree to which it extrapolates in order to come up with’ grammatical rules’. A collocational dictionary doesn’t have to generalize to the same extent it deals the part communication( or a large part of it !) on a word by word, collocation by collocation basis. It oversees this by not attempting to account for every possible speech, simply for what is most usual. By focusing on the specific rather than the general, a collocations dictionary is also able to’ pre-digest’ a lot of the grammar involved, presenting collocates in their most conventional pattern in context, even if this is not the usual dictionary citation form. For example at the entry for baby, you will find the collocation be teething, reflecting the fact that this verb is always used in the progressive tenses. Use the collocations dictionary systematically and you become much more aware of the extent to which English impels apply of the passive, an perspective of grammar that even advanced students may be reluctant to put to full productive use. By enveloping the language systematically from -AZ, a collocations dictionary allows students to build up their own collocational ability on a’ need-to-know’ basis, starting from the words they already know- or know in part. Occasional, or even regular, collocations exerts in coursebooks cannot fulfil this role, although they do a handy responsibility of conjure the profile of collocation as an essential feature of the language, and school some useful collocations in the process.
How to use this dictionary
This dictionary is intended for productive use, most typically for help with writing. The collocations in each enter are parted according to part of speech; within each part of speech section they are grouped according to meaning or category.( In the lesson above from contamination, forestalled and prevent are roughly synonymous, as are combat, domination, engage and undertake, and so on ). The groups are arranged in an order that tries to be as intuitive as possible: in this case from the’ strongest’ form of act( avoid/ thwart) to the’ mildest’( monitor ). Many collocate groups have illustrative patterns depicting one or more of the collocations in context.
Because this is a type of dictionary that may be totally new to many students it is recommended that users familiarize themselves with how the dictionary studies by cultivating through some of the exercises in the photocopiable study section in the center of the dictionary. The first of these aims to show the overall concept of the dictionary by looking at a single record( Idea) in some detail. The next few workouts take consumers systematically through the different sections of the records for nouns, verbs and adjectives. Two sheets of utilizations get students thinking about the common verbs constitute, do, have, give and take; and the remaining activities straddle across the whole dictionary, testing collocations is in relation to many themes, including politics, jobs and money.
Examine about Oxford Collocations Dictionary Anne, Translator
” I creation as a professional translator and writer and find that I use this notebook several times a day to find merely the claim utterance in English. For example, a German sentence might say that the writer was stuck in” strong traffic”( starker Verkehr ), but in English “theyre saying” ” heavy traffic”( not” strong traffic “). This book helps you come up with the right adjective in English when you know that the literal translation of the foreign-language one doesn’t sound privilege .”
” I adoration this work. It’s very useful and easy to use dictionary that accommodates valuable promotion peculiarly when trying to express your thoughts more native-speaker-like. The CD-ROM becomes the dictionary portable as you can take it everywhere with your laptop. Also many excersises can significantly improve your English level. I definitely recommend this work to every student of English.
” I cherish this dictionary because it is word specific every dictionary does not necessarily carry the specific meaning of a word weather in the noun, verb, or adjective figure. In my rating, I find this one to be off the chart .”
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