Speaking Passage 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1- 13, which are based on Reading Passage 1 below.
A. The environment of the Earth is always changing. In the past, it has altered as a result of natural movements. Nowadays, however, the period’ climate change’ is generally used when referring to changes in our climate which have been identified since the early part of the twentieth century. The conversions we’ve seen over recent years and those which are predicted to occur over the next 100 years are thought by many to be largely a result of human behaviour rather than due to natural changes in the atmosphere. And this is what is so significant about current climatic veers; ever been has man toy such a significant role in determining long-term weather patterns- we are entering the unknown and there is no precedent for what might happen next.
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B. The greenhouse effect is very important when we talk about climate change as it relates to the gases which keep the Earth warm. Although the greenhouse effect is a naturally occurring phenomenon, it is believed that the effect could be intensified by human activity and the emission of gases into the atmosphere. It is the extra greenhouse gases which humans have liberated which are thought to pose the strongest threat. Certain investigates, such as Dr Michael Crawley, reason:’ even though this natural phenomenon does exist it is without a doubt human activity that has worsened its accomplish; this is evident when comparing data regarding the earth’s temperature in the last one hundred years with the one hundred years prior to the opening of that.’ Some scientists, however, squabble this as Dr Ray Ellis indicates:’ human activity may be contributing a small amount to climate change but this increase in temperature is an unavoidable fact based on the research data we have compiled.
C. Scientists around the globe are looking at all the evidence bordering climate change and using advanced engineering have come up with projections for our future environment and brave. The next place of “whos working”, which is just as important, is currently considering the knock-on effects of potential conversions. For pattern, are we likely to see an increase in precipitation and sea levels? Does this make there will be an increase in flooding and what can we do to protect ourselves from that? How will our state be affected by climate change, how will agricultural practices modify and how will wildlife cope? What will the effects on coral be? Professor Max Leonard has suggested,’ while it may be contentious some would argue that climate change could draw with it positive impacts as well as negative ones’.
D. There are many universities around the world whose sole priority is to take action against these environmental problems. Green Peace is an organisation that is probably the most well-known. It is an international organisation that campaigns in favour of researching and promoting solutions to climate change expose the companies and governments that are stymie act foyers to change national and international policy, and bears witness to the impacts of unnecessary destruction and destructive human activity.
E. The problem of climate change is without a doubt something that this generation and the contemporaries to come need to deal with. Fortunately, the use of renewable energy is becoming increasingly popular, which means that little intensity is spent as renewable energy is generated from natural resources–such as sunlight, puff, rain, tides, and geothermal heat–which can be naturally replenished. Another method to help the environment, in terms of climate change, is by travelling light. Walking or travelling a motorcycle instead of driving a auto exercises fewer fossil fuel which release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. In add-on, exercising makes that are made from recycled paper, glass, metal and plastic reduce carbon emissions because they use less energy to create than produces made from completely new materials. Recycling paper too saves trees and tells them continue to limit climate change naturally as they remain in the forest, where they remove carbon from the feeling. Professor Mark Halton, who has completed numerous studies in this area, has territory:’ with all this information and the possible action that we can take, it isn’t too late to save our planet from over-heating and the even worse side-effects of our own activity
Reading Passage 1 has 5 clauses, A- E.
Which paragraph contains the following information?
Write the correct word A- E in the boxes below.
NB You may use any character more than once.
1. A natural phenomenon that could also feign climate change.
2. Steps we can take to help alter the situation.
3. An the purpose of explaining what climate change is.
4. Organisations that want to help.
5. Possible the consequences of climate change.
Look at the following people( Questions 6 -9) and the inventory of statements below.
Match each person with the correct word, A- F.
6. Professor Max Leonard
7. Dr Michael Crawley
8. Professor Mark Halton
9. Dr Ray Ellis
A. We have the ability to change the situation
B. Climate Change is Inevitable
C. Human have manufactured the situation much worse
D. Climate Change might not be all bad
E. Human activity and natural brave phenomena
F. While we may not be too late to save our planet, there are bound to be some extreme side-effects of past human activity one acces or the other
Questions 10 -1 3
Write the remedy note, A- F, in spaces 6-9.
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1? In seats 10 -1 3 below, write
YES, if the statements agree with the information
NO, if the statements contradict the information
NOT GIVEN, if there is no informed of this
10. Man is not entirely is accountable for global warming.
11. Scientists have come up with new sign about the negative effects of carbon-free sources of energy such as nuclear power
12. One of the purposes of Green Peace is to find out which companies and governments are doing things which don’t help the actions of environmentalists.
13. Most parties aren’t willing to start using renewable energy.
Reading Passage 2
You should expend about 20 minutes on Questions 14 – 26, which are based on Reading Passage 2 below.
A. Most countries’ education systems have had what you might call school tragedies, but, unhappily, in many areas of certain countries, these’ cataclysms’ are still evident today. The English education system is unique due to the fact that there are still dozens of schools which are known as private schools, and they perpetuate privilege and social division. Most countries have some private schools for the children of the wealthy; England is able to more than triple the average number globally. England has around 3,000 private schools, and time under half a million children are educated at them whilst some nine million children are educated at regime academies. The tremendou majority of students at private schools likewise come from middle-class families.
B. The develop of this system is evident, and it has much English history embedded within it. The facts seem to speak for themselves. In the private method, almost half the students go on to University, whilst in the territory method, merely about eight per cent make it to further education. Nonetheless, statistics such as these can be fraudulent due to the fact that middle-class children do better at evaluations than working-class ones, and most of them stay on at institution after 16. Private class, therefore, have the advantage over position class as they are entirely’ middle class ‘, and this creates an environment of success where students worked very hard and apply themselves more diligently to their school work.
C. Private schools are extortionately expensive, being as much as PS1 8,000 a year at somewhere such as Harrow or Eton, where Monarches William and Harry attended, and at least PS8, 000 a year almost everywhere else. There are many parents who are not wealthy or even comfortably off but are willing to sacrifice a great deal in the cause of their children’s schooling. It mystifies countless beings as to why they need to spend such vast amounts when there are perfectly acceptable state schools that don’t expense a penny. One father-god caused his reasoning for communicating his son to a private school,’ If my lad gets a five-per cent-better chance of going to University then that may be the difference between success and los .” It would seem to the average person that a PS50, 000 minimum total cost of second-level education is a lot to pay for a five-per cent-better chance. Most children, given a choice, would make the money and waste it on more enjoyable things rather than shelling it out on a school that is too posh for its own good.
D. However, some say that the real reason that parents fork up the cash is prejudice: they don’t want their little kids mingling with the “workers”, or picking up an objectionable accent. In addition to this, it wouldn’t do, if at the next dinner party all the guests were boasting about sending their kids to the same place where the lad of the third cousin of Prince Charles is going, and you say your kid is going to the state school down the road, even if you could pocket the money for yourself instead, and, as a result, be able to serve the best Champagne with the smoked salmon and duck. It is a fact, however, that at many of the best private schools, your money buys you something. One academy, with 500 students, has 11 science laboratories; another academy with 800 schoolchildren, has 30 music rehearsal apartments; another has 16 squash tribunals, and yet another has its own beach.
E. Private institutions waste PS300 per student a year on investment in buildings and equipment; the country arrangement depletes less than PS50. On bibles, the ratio is 3 to 1. One of the things that your fund buys which is difficult to quantify is the appearance of the school, the road it examines. Most private schools that you will find are set in beautiful, well-kept country houses, with lengthy soils and garden-varieties. In comparison with the commonwealth institutions, they tend to look like castles, with the worst of the state schools looks a lot like public washbasins, perhaps even tiled or covered in graffiti. Many may even have an architectural blueprint that is just about on high levels of an industrial shed
Question 14 -2 0
Choose the chastise note A, B, C or D.
14. The English educational system differs from the other ones because
A. it tries to fix commonwealth and private equal.
B. more students are acquainted at private school than nation schools
C. it contributes to creating a class system within society.
D. it is more expensive to run
15. There are more private school children who go to university because
A. the lessons and teaches at the private school are much better.
B. their parents often send their children to private schools
C. the government has more teaching hours
D. the school create a successful environment.
16. A mas of parents often send their children to private schools
A.because they are not well-informed.
B. to demonstrate how much fund they have to their friends
C. to increase their chances of succeeding in the university exams.
D. because of the better boasts facilities.
17. It is a possibility that some parents of children in private schools are
A. prejudiced and superficial.
B. was more intelligent than those with children at country schools.
C. well-brought-up and cultivated.
D. was overly protective.
18. Private school
A. ever have their own beaches.
B. coach athletics that mood institutions do not.
C. waste more money per student than in mood schools.
D. devote more coin on hiring good teachers.
19. the writer is considered that private-school buildings
A. is very attractive and luxurious.
B.generally do not glance very nice.
C. is too big for the amount of students who attend the school.
D. are not built to suit the student’s needs.
20. In general, what do you think the writer’s opinion of private schools is?
A. It isn’t fair that those without coin can’t attend them.
B. They fraction social classes but they render better facilities and a more creative environment.
C. Here i am little difference between private and commonwealth schools.
D. They have the best teachers.
Questions 21 -2 6
Complete the decisions below.
Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the channel for each answer.
The fact that there are so many private schools in England, in comparison to other countries, clears the English educational system 21 __________Most students in these schools are from 22 __________ kinfolks. These students seem to do better at exams although statistics can be 23 __________One of certain advantages of private schools is that they seem to provide students with a better, more positive environment that encourages them to 24 __________themselves to their school work with more feeling. A heap of not very well-off parents acquire gargantuan relinquishes for their children’s 25 __________ to help them go to respectable universities. Regrettably, many territory school buildings sometimes have the appearance of an industrial 26 _________.
Reading Passage 3
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 27- 40, which are based on Reading Passage 3 below.
Martin Lut her King
A. Martin Luther King was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. He was the son of the Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr. and Alberta Williams King. He had an older sister, Willie Christine King, and a younger friend Alfred Daniel Williams King. Growing up in Atlanta, King attended Booker T. Washington High School. He hop-skip a ninth and twelfth grade and participated Morehouse College at senility fifteen without formally graduating from high school. From the time that Martin was born, he knew that black people and white people had different claims in certain parts of America.
B. If a black clas wanted to eat at a diner, they had to sit in a separate section of the restaurant. They had to sit at the back of the cinema and even use separate lavatories. Worse, and perhaps even more humiliating still, in countless southern positions, if a pitch-black mortal was on a bus and all the seats were made, he would have to endure the indignity of relinquishing his own fanny to a white man. King could never understand the abominable abuse of this. In 1948, he graduated with a Bachelor of Art degree in sociology. Last-minute, King began doctoral studies in methodical theology at Boston University and received his Doctor of Philosophy on June 5, 1955. King married Coretta Scott, on June 18, 1953, and they had four children.
C. Returning to the South to become pastor of a Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama, King firstly achieved national renown where reference is helped mobilise the black boycott of the Montgomery bus structure in 1955. This was organised after Rosa Parks, a black woman, refused to give up her seat on the bus to a white man- in the segregated south, black people could only sit at the back of the bus. The 382 -day boycott headed the bus companionship to change its regulations, and the United states supreme court testified such discrimination unconstitutional.
D. In 1957 King was active in the organisation of the Southern Leadership Christian Conference( SCLC ), formed to co-ordinate protests against discrimination. He advocated non-violent direct action based on the methods of Gandhi, who led protests against British rule in India culminating in India’s independence in 1947. In 1963, King produced mass protests against discriminatory practices in Birmingham, Alabama, where the white population were violently balk desegregation. The metropoli was dubbed’ Bombingham’ as criticizes against civil rights opponents increased, and King was arrested and jailed for his part in the protests.
E. After his secrete, King participated in the enormous civil rights march, in Washington, in August 1963, and implemented his acclaimed’ I have a dream’ lecture, predicting a period when the promise of freedom and equality for all would become a reality in America. In 1964 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1965, he resulted a campaign to register pitch-blacks to vote. The same year the US Congress transferred the Voting Rights Act outlawing the discriminatory practices that had barred blackness from electing in the south.
F. As the civil rights movement became increasingly radicalised, King found that his send of peaceful protest was not shared by numerous in our next generation. King began to protest against the Vietnam War and poverty levels in the US. On March 29, 1968, King went to Memphis, Tennessee, in supporting the black hygienic public works employees who had been on strike since March 12 for higher wages and better treatment. In one occurrence, black street repairmen had received pay for two hours when they were sent home because of bad weather, but grey employees had been paid for the full period. King could not bear to stand by and let such patent acts of racism arrive unnoticed. He moved to unite his beings, and all the peoples of America on the receiving dissolve of discriminatory practices, to protest for their own rights, calmly but steadfastly.
G. On his trip to Memphis, King was booked into office 306 at the Lorraine Motel, owned by Walter Bailey. King was shot at 6:01 p.m. April 4, 1968, while he was standing on the motel’s second-floor balcony. King was raced to St. Joseph’s Hospital, where doctors opened his chest and play-act manual nature rub. He was enunciated dead at 7:05 p.m. King’s autopsy is demonstrated that although he was only 39 years old, he had the heart of a 60 -year-old man.
Questions 27- 31
Choose the correct note A, B, C or D.
27. From a young age Martin Luther King
A. wanted to protest for the rights of black people.
B. is not possible to was understood that black people were treated differently.
C. was not allowed to go to the cinema or to restaurants.
D. was aware that black people were being humiliated in numerous northern states.
28. What initially concluded Martin Luther King famed?
A. the black boycott of the Montgomery bus system
B. becoming a pastor at a Baptist Church
C. when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus
D. when he urged Rosa Parks not to give up her bus posterior to a white man
29. What forced Martin Luther King involving non-violence?
A. India’s independence in 1947
C. the Southern Leadership Christian Conference
D. the methods used in Gandhi
30. What did Martin Luther King fight for in 1965?
A. the protection of the rights of black people to vote
B. the implementation of the US Congress
C. the right to win the Nobel Peace Prize
D. the protection of the rights of black people to travel abroad
31. How did Martin Luther King am thinking about the civil rights movement?
A. It was helping the war in Vietnam.
B. It drew the younger generation together.
C. It had been exploited by politicians who wanted to get more votes.
D. The opponents sometimes behaved extremely violently.
Questions 32- 34
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 3? In gaps 32 -3 4 below, write
YES, if the statements made in accordance with the information
NO, if the statements affirm the information
NOT GIVEN, if there is no information on this
32. The black boycott of the Montgomery bus organisation was a success.
33. In 1963 the white people in Alabama missed desegregation.
34. Martin Luther King achieved a lot in his protest at the Vietnam War.
Questions 35 -4 0
Reading Passage 3 has 6 paragraphs.
Choose the redres foreman for each section -AF, from the index of headings.
Write the compensate digit, i- viii, in spaces 35 -4 0 below.
35. Paragraph A
37. Paragraph C
38. Paragraph D
39. Paragraph E
40. Paragraph F
i. the memorable speech
ii. Unhappy about violence
iii. A catastrophic incident
iv. Protests and action
v. The background of an iconic man
vi. Making his recognize internationally
vii. Difficult childhood
viii. Black street repairmen
Answers Reading Passage 1
” The greenhouse effect is very important when we talk about climate change … the greenhouse effect is a naturally occurring phenomenon”.
The paragraph discusses the use of renewable energy sources, utilizing less fossil fuel and recycling as examples of actions that can be taken.
The paragraph characterizes climate change as” changes in our environment which have been identified since the early part of the twentieth century “.
” There are a lot universities various regions of the world whose sole priority is to take action against these environmental problems “.
“looking at the knock-on effects of potential varies. For instance, are we likely to see an increase in precipitation and sea levels? ”
Paragraph C. “Professor Max Leonard has suggested,’ while it may be controversial some would argue that climate change could create with it positive effects as well as negative ones’”.
Paragraph B. “such as Dr Michael Crawley, says:’ even though this natural phenomenon does exist it is without a doubt human activity that has worsened its effects…”.
Paragraph E. “with all this information and the possible action we can take. It isn’t too late to save our planet”.
Paragraph B. “Dr Ray Ellis indicates:’ human activity may be contributing a small amount to climate change but this increase in temperature is an unavoidable fact”.
Paragraph B. ’although the greenhouse effect is a naturally occurring phenomenon, it is believed that the effect could be intensified by human activity and the emission of gases into the atmosphere “.
11. Not Given.
There is no mention of nuclear energy.
Paragraph D.” Green Peace is an organisation that … flaunts the companies and governments that are blocking action”.
Paragraph E.” Fortunately, the use of renewable energy is becoming increasingly popular “.
Reading Passage 2
Paragraph 1.” Dozens of academies which are known as private schools … perpetuate privilege and social division “.
Paragraph 2.” Private institutions, hence, have the advantage. as they are entirely’ middle class’ and this creates an environment of success “.
Paragraph 3.’ If my son gets a five-per cent-better chance of going to University then that may be the difference between success and los .”
Paragraph 4.” The real reason that parents fork over the cash is prejudice” and the desire to conform to dinner party conventions.
Paragraph 6.” Private academies spend PS300 per schoolchild a year on investing in houses and facilities; the nation organization depletes less than PS50 “.
Paragraph 7.” Most private schools that you will find are set in beautiful, well-kept country houses, with extensive soils and gardens “.
Paragraph 1. Private schools ‘perpetuate social division’ and in Paragraph 5, the writer describes equipment such as laboratories, music rooms, squash courtrooms etc.
21. The English education system is peculiar due to the fact. ,,. as private school’
22.’ The tremendou majority of students _ come from middle-class lineages .’
23.’ However, statistics such as these can be deceptive …’
24.’ apply themselves more diligently to their school work .’
25.’ There are a lot parents _ … Children’s schooling .’
26.’ Many may _. Is just about on high levels of an industrial shed .’
Reading Passage 3
Paragraph 1.” If a pitch-black kinfolk wanted to eat at a diner, they had to sit in a separate section of the restaurants sector … King could never understand this “.
Paragraph 2.” King first achieved national reputation where reference is helped mobilise the black boycott of the Montgomery bus system “.
Paragraph 3.” He proposed non-violent direct action based on the methods of Gandhi “.
Paragraph 4.” In 1965, he preceded a campaign to register blackness to vote “.
Paragraph 5.” King found that his content of peaceful protest was not shared by numerous in the younger generation”.
Paragraph 2.” The 382 -day boycott produced the bus companionship to change its regulations, and the State supreme court showed such segregation unconstitutional “.
Paragraph 3.1 ’ … in Birmingham, Alabama, where the white-hot population were violently withstanding integrating. 1
34. Not Given.
Paragraph 5. We merely know he began to protest about the Vietnam War but there is no information about the outcome of the protest.
Paragraph A. describes his birthplace, family and education, comprising his background.
Paragraph B. gives details about the demonstration and boycott of the Montgomery bus system.
Paragraph C.” He preached non-violent direct war “.
Paragraph D.” in August 1963, and implemented his notorious’ I have a dream’ lecture “.
Paragraph E.” King began to protest against the Vietnam War “.
Paragraph F.” into chamber 306 at the Lorraine motel King was shot
Continue with…Practice Test 46
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