Reading Passage 1 You should ideally invest 20 minutes on Questions 1-14 based on Reading Passage 1 below. Publicity- The good, the bad and the ugly
A. Imagine for a moment that you are an impoverished citizen of ancient Egypt, hopefully hoeing the desert and wondering where reference is will bloom. Abruptly, a gloom of dust appears on the horizon which eventually resolves itself into a gallop of colts and chariots dominated by heavily armed soldiers followed, eventually, by a crocodile of wearied slaves lugging building materials.
B. They all came to see you a halting outside your dwelling and you make a tactical withdrawal indoors, from where you watch them through a fissure in the wall. In an amazingly short-lived lime, the slaves build a 40 -foot high obelisk which Is then surrounded by it crowd of stonemasons. Then, when the study, whatever it is, has come to an end, the entire fellowship withdraws as quickly as it came.
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C. Once the coast is clear, you slither outside to examine their handiwork. The obelisk is covered with hews of soldiers, gazing singularly like those who have just left, engaged in countless victorious combats, devastating the countryside and gruesomely killing people who look singularly like you. prominently shown, surveying sphinx-like the carnage committed in his same, is the Pharaoh. You can’t read, but you get the picture. You, in consort with your disaffected neigh hours, had been contemplating, in a instead desultory style, a small uprising. You change your brain in what is one of the easiest examples of the influence of propaganda.
D. Of trend, as is often the occurrence with big ideas when they tire in their infancy, the methods utilized. In ancient Egypt were far from subtle, But over precede centuries, the use of information was conscientiously sharpened. It was not until the First World War that hype stirred the quantum leap from the gentler artistries of persuasion to become the tool of pressure. As Philip Taylor says in War and the Media:” Before 1914, it simply necessitated the intends by which the proponent of a particular doctrine … propagated his ideas among his audience … information is simply a process of persuasion. As a idea, it is neutral and should be devoid of value judgements”.
E. It is unlikely, at least in the West, that publicity will ever be rehabilitated as a neutral concept. The most utterance is now so loaded with ominou connotations that it rekindles an immediate and visceral ability of fury. For the use of information reached its apogee in the machinery of the Third Reich. Hitler and Goebbels between them promoted it to a black art of such wicked strength that it has been permanently discounted among the persons evidenced its construction. Indeed in 1936 at Nuremberg, Hitler attributed his entire success to the workings of information. He said: “Propaganda brought us to capability, information has since enabled us to remain in power, and hype will give us the means used for inhibiting the world countries “.
F. It is therefore unsurprising that Western governments and politicians are liable to perform the most extreme presentational acrobatics in their efforts to avoid the dreaded “p” statement being applied to any of their activities. They have developed superb dictionaries of euphemisms and doublespeak to distance themselves from any defile of it, real or imagined. Consequently, the media is alive to this hypersensitivity and the “p” word has become a potent weapon in its arsenal. It is exploited pejoratively, with intent to discredit and gale, as governments are painfully aware. For propaganda is the spectre that recurs many a government-inspired media fest. It is the uninvited guest, the empty chair which serves to remind the emcees precisely why the assembly has been convened and troops them to run quality measures on the fare on offer — is it factually healthful, is it presented in a balanced and candid direction, is its integrity intact?
G. In this one respect, at least, the negative connotations attached to propaganda actually accomplish a positive run. They furnish a salutary reminder of ail that government information is supposed not to be and act as a pitiless curbing on any runaway bia to excess. Most importantly, the public is alive to the dangers of hype and alert to its shows whether overt or covert. They know that propaganda is the serpent lurking In the tree of knowledge; that it is subtle, it beguiles, it persuasion, it obfuscates, it accommodates out simple dreams and turns them into nightmare realities, it subverts, it pretends to be other than it is. They know that it is the poisoned return of the goblin busines , not the plain meat of truth that is the staple diet of information. And they will not tolerate It. They resist instead to the more obvious blandishments of ad, which might be regarded as the wolf of information, tamed and turned to domestic use. Safe in the knowledge that the wolf has been securely trussed by the rules and regulations of the Advertising Standards Authority, they knowingly consent to be had,
Complete the text below, which is a summary of clauses. Choose a suitable word from the text for each blank.
Write your answers in Blank gaps 1-10 on your answer sheet.
You may use any name more than once.
Example: propaganda- the very best, the bad and the____________.
_____1______ that you are a poor_________2______ are living below archaic Egypt, when a strip of soldiers accompanied by a________3_____ of slaves carrying house textiles is available on the representation. While you are inside your residence, the slaves erect an __________4_____ and the whole company disappears. The_________5______ features fleshes like those soldiers who have just left can participate in victorious duels and, in a pre-eminent orientation, the figure of the sphinx-like_____6________. After briefly considering an_________7_____, you and another inhabitants vary your___________8______ In what is one of the earliest Instances of the superpower of______ 9______, albeit a not unusually _______ 10 ____ one.
Questions 11 -1 4 Choose the proper symbols -AD and write them next to 11 -1 4 on your answer sheet.
11 According to Philip Taylor, hype …
A would be necessary to transmit people’s beliefs
B was a tool of coercion before 1914
C has always been a neutral force
D was merely a process of persuading people to do things prior to the opening of 1914
12 According to Philip Taylor, hype …
A is not a neutral concept
B is importance laden up until 1914
C is ti neutral concept
D was a neutral thought up until 1914
13 Politicians in the West …
A will do anything to avoid using the word propaganda
B like working the word propaganda in the media
C do not dread the” p” word
D are consummate acrobats
14 The public …
A are happy to be deluded by advertisers
B are deluded by advertisers
C are not betrayed by advertisers
D respect the advertisers
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Reading Passage 2 You should invest about 20 minutes on Questions 15 -2 8, which are based on reading passage 2 below. The chase of knowledge
A. Harmonizing to the great English lexicographer Samuel Johnson, knowledge is of two natures. We know a subject ourselves or we know where we can find information upon it( Boswell Life vol. 2 p, 383 18 April 1775 ). In the information-driven world we now inhabit, the latter has assumed a much greater rank of importance.
B. At the time of the European Renaissance, which encompassed the 14th, fifteenth and six-teenth centuries, it was considered possible for the acquainted, well-read man, the so-called Renaissance man, to possess the sum total of human knowledge. Admittedly, the body of knowledge then available was restricted, placed on hold firmly in check by various determining factor; the rarity of notebooks in circulation at that time; the difficulty of acquiring copies of the texts; the need to copy texts by hand; and the cost of doing so. The sample of Lupus of Ferrieres’ search for the Arsrhetorica of Fortunatus in the one-ninth century was recited again and again throughout the Latin West until the momentous advent of publishing in the middle of the fifteenth century. Printed bibles realise the end of some of the practical limitations placed on the spread of human knowledge. The first coup in Information technology had begun.
C. Renaissance man was rapidly left behind by these new developments; and, henceforth, it would be increasingly difficult for the informed being to cope with the expansion of knowledge that flowed through Europe via the medium of movable kind. In today’s world, the scenario could hardly be more different. The most well-read individual, whom we could legitimately call information man, or homo sapiens, would certainly be considerably more knowledgeable than Renaissance man, Yet, because of the ever-expanding increase in the sum total of human knowledge over the latter half of the last millennium, and the changes in the world of technology, easy access to information has increased the prominence of the educated individual. All that he can hope to be now is an expert in a constrict domain , not the all-knowing polymath of yesteryear.
D. It Is not surprising to see beings devastated by the unlimited series of Information. There is simply too much of it to learn, and it is difficult to know what to do with the data once it is received; which brings us back to Johnson’s paroles. But we need to add another dimension to his dictum, one which was probably true-blue in his time, but is even more pertinent today: people need to be able to live the learning they acquire and not just know it or know where to find it. Our deficiency in this regard is, perhaps, the most singular failure of the modern information age.
E. Acquisitiveness is a natural human Instinct. Children collect cards of footballers, or whatever is the latest fad, Stamps, coins and diaries are targets for children and adult collectors( dike, as their basic impulses are frisked upon and encouraged by grocery personnels. The desire to gather knowledge is nothing new. What is astonishing, however, Is the practice in which parties treat the learning ones It has been collected. It is as if the collecting were an end in Itself; and herein lies the great deception, We have turned the world countries into a large machine of information, a veritable vortex into which we are all being Inexorably sucked, People beaver away amassing raw data, labouring under the misapprehension that they are doing something useful when all that is really happening is the movement of information from one target to another, We should hardly be surprised that, as this becomes apparent, disenchantment and stress in the workplace arc becoming unhappily the all too common consequences.
F. The world Is not really the richer for having the current wealth of lore at its fingertips. It is like standing amongst the wealth of the British Library, the Bibliotheque Nationals in Paris or other huge libraries and not being able to read. So what is to be done? Training in collecting and processing relevant information, followed by learning to compare, analyse and select or discard is the self-evident mixture, But there is such a dearth of people who know what to do that one remains pessimistic.
The pursuit of insight is sadly not all it is cracked up to be.
Questions 15 -2 1
Complete the convicts below. Use NO MORE THAN FOUR WORDS from the passage to complete each blank space.
Write your answers in Blank spaces next to 15 -2 1 on your answer sheet.
15 Samuel Johnson was an___________________. 16 Renaissance man supposedly possessed all__________________. 17 The spread of knowledge varied with the all important___________________. 18 Harmonizing to the writer, today’s info subject knows more than_______________. 19 The standing of the modern developed serviceman has been diminished by _________________. 20 The polymath of the Renaissance is described as_______________________. 21 In today’s world, parties are weighed down by the endless__________________.
Questions 22 -2 5
Answer the questions below. Use NO MORE THAN FOUR WORDS from the section for each answer.
Write your answers next to 22 -2 5 on your answer sheet.
22 How does the writer describe people’s inability in the modern world to use the knowledge that they attain? 23 What is the desire to collect things described as? 24 Harmonizing to the author, what has the world turned into? 25 What are the consequences in the workplace of moving large amounts of raw data around?
Questions 26 -2 8
Do the statements below agree with the information in Reading Passage 1?
In Boxes 26 -2 8, write 😛 TAGEND
YES, if the statement agrees with the information in the passage
NO, if the statement rebuts the information in the passage
NOT GIVEN, if there is no information about the statement in the passage
Example: The European Renaissance covered the 14 th, 15 th and 16 th centuries.
26 As the world has a wealth of acquaintance within easy contact, it is now richer, 27 Knowledge processing courses will soon be obligatory for all library craftsmen. 28 The scribe believes that the purpose of applying acquaintance is worthwhile.
Reading Passage 3 You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 29 -4 0, which are based on Reading Passage 3 below.
A. Between the Inishowen peninsula , north-west of Derry, and the Glens of Antrim, in the give beyond the Sperrin Mountains, are witnessed some of Western Europe’s most captivating and alluring landscape. The Roe Valley Park, some 15 miles east of Deny is a prime example. The Park, like so many Celtic regions, is immersed in record and mythology. As the Roe runs down through heather quagmires in the Sperrin Mountains to the South, it is a river by the time it chips through what was once called the “garden of the mind”- in Celtic ” Gortenanima “.
B. The castle of O’Cahftn immediately digest now and a number of lives which made up the town of Limavady. The municipality makes its mention from the lore of a hound rushing into the river Roe carrying a message, or perhaps chasing a stag. This is a mystical neighbourhood, where the liquid detects its method through rock and woodland; at times, lingering in brooding consortia of night cool sea under the shade of summer trees, and, at others, organizing weirs and produces for water mills now long gone.
C. The Roe, like all creeks, is witness to biography and vary. To Mullagh Hill, on the west bank of the River Roe just outside the present-day town of Limavady, St, Columba came in 575 AD for the Convention of Drumccatl, The world is probably unaware that it knows something of Limavady; but the city is, in fact, renowned for Jane Ross’s song Danny Boy, written to a tune formerly played by a vagrant in the street.
D. Some 30 miles along the coast road from Limavady, one comes upon the forlorn but prescribing ruin of Dunluce Castle, which stands on a soft basalt outcrop, in defiance of the tumultuou Atlantic lashing it on all sides. The jagged- toothed ruinings sit proudly on their boulder exceed dominating the coastline to give and west. The only connection to the mainland is by a narrow-minded connect. Until the kitchen law fell into the sea in 1639 killing several slaves, the castling was fully inhabited, In the next hundred years or so, the structure gradually fell into Its present dramatic state of deterioration, divested of its roofs by gust and brave and robbed by a subject of its carved stonework. Ruined and lonely its vistum may be, hitherto, in the haunting Celtic twilight of the long summertime evenings, it is redolent of another age, another dream.
E. A mile or so to the cast of the castling lies Port na Spanish, where the Neapolitan Gaileas, Girona, from the Spanish Armada went down one dark October night in 1588 on its nature to Scotland. Of the 1500′ Odd boys on board, nine endured. Even further towards the east, is the Giant’s Causeway, a stunning coastline with strangely symmetrical rows of nighttime basalt- a beautiful geological two under, person formerly said of the causeway that it was worth seeing, but not worth going to see, That was in the days of colts and vehicles when circulating was difficult. But it is indeed well worth a inspect. The last-place linger minutes of the gloom hours are the best time to savour the full power of the coastline’s magic; the time when the place will enter into its own.
F. The sightseers are disappeared and if you are very lucky you will be alone, It is not fearing, but there is a power in the place; definite, yet inexplicable. The feeling is one of eeriness and longing, uni of something missing, something not quite fulfilled; the loss of light and the promise of darkness; a hour between two worlds, Once knew, this feeling never leaves you: the hanker haunts and pushes at you for the rest of your epoches. Beyond the Causeway, connecting the two sides of the strait with an outcrop of rock jutting out of the turbulent Atlantic is the Carrick-a-Hede Hope Bridge- Not a crossover for the faint-hearted. The Bridge changes above a abys of hastening, foaming ocean that seeks to drag the unwary down, and away.
Questions 29 -3 3
Choose one phrase( -AE) from the roll of places to name the delineate below, Write the suitable characters( -Ai) in Boxes 29 -3 3 on your answer sheet,
List of places
A The Sperrin Mountains
B Dunluce Castle
D The Glens of Antrim
Questions 34 -3 7 Do the statements below agreed to accept the Information in Reading Passage 3? In Boxes 34 -3 7, write YES, if the statement agrees with the information in the passage NO, if the statement rebuts the information in the verse NOT GIVEN, if there is no information about the statement in the excerpt
Example: Inishowen is in the north-west of Ireland. Answer: Yes.
34 After 1639 the castling of Dunluce was not totally uninhabited. 35 For the author, Dunluce castle rekindles another period of history. 36 There were more than 1500 men on the Girona when it went down. 37 The scribe disagrees with the viewpoint that the Giant’s Causeway is not worth going to
Questions 38 -4 0 Choose the relevant symbols -AD and write them next to 38 -4 0 on your answer sheet.
38 The writer feels that the Giant’s Causeway is …
A un unsettling place
B relaxing place
C a boring place
D a neighbourhood that helps one unwind
39 Where was this passage taken from?
A the news part of a newspaper
B A trip area in a newspaper
C a biography
D an academic magazine on geography
40 Which of the following would be a good designation for the text?
A The Roe Valley Park
B The Giant’s Causeway
C Going Hast to West
D A hurry into history
Reading aisle 1
1. Imagine 2. Citizen 3. Crocodile 4. Obelisk 5. Obelisk 6. Pharaoh 7. Insurgency 8. Mind/minds 9. Hype 10. Slight 11.
12. D 13. D 14. A 15. B
Reading legislation 2
16. English lexicographer
17. (of) human knowledge
18. Advert of etching
19. Renaissance man 20. Easy access to information/ easily accessible information/ easy information access
21. All-knowing 22. River of information
23. The most singular default
24. A natural human instinct
25. A whirl/ a veritable whirl/ a large information machine
26. Disappointment and stress
27. No 28. Not leaved
[readingebook] Reading passing 3
30. C 31. E 32. B 33. D 34. A 35. Not Given
36. Yes 37. Yes 38. A 39. B 40. D
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