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Radar trends to watch: October 2020

This month, the big-hearted surprise is that there’s no significant technology word about COVID. And there is more news than ever about legislation and regulation. I suspect that the legal system will be a big driver for engineering over the next year. Another veer that doesn’t relatively tally as technology news but that emphatically abides watching is that college enrollment in the US is down. Grad institutions are up, 4 year colleges are down somewhat; the big hit is in 2 year colleges. COVID is probably the biggest contributing factor, but regardless of the movement, this is an inauspicious trend.

AI and Data

Beyond Text: Some ventures have civilized GPT-3 on both verse and personas, enabling it to generate idols from captions.The importance of time streak: I’m less affected with using time succession to estimate the cost of an automobile amend than with the possible applications of time serial. Time series has had little scrutiny than NLP, but it’s equally important.Can BERT learn common sense? Possibly. 50% correct answers to “common sense” troubles doesn’t sound affecting, but I wonder how well humen would score.Training AI not to forget using generative replay procedures: One difficulty with neural networks is that they frequently “forget” important features in the data. Replay is an idea that is based on how humans remember: we can strengthen remembers by echoing substantial events.Microsoft Deep Speed use brand-new parallelism techniques to train very large models( millions of parameters) with less CPU and GPU power.Microsoft gets an exclusive license to OpenAI’s GPT-3: The public-facing API will remain, but access to the code is limited to Microsoft. As MIT Tech Review points out, this is a significant departure from OpenAI’s vision of free from both government and for-profit money.Biological signatures( e.g ., heartbeat) can be used to detect deep counterfeits. It’s not news that your pulsate can be detected in video. But the process of creating a fake misrepresents these signatures in ways that are detectable.Diffbot is building a knowledge graph of the entire web. It’s not a language model( though they may add a natural language query feature ); it’s a database of facts in subject-verb-object form. Diffbot represents an older approach to machine learning that, in practice, might work better than conversation simulations like GPT-3. Visual reasoning with machine learning enables AI systems to reason about what people are doing and how they are doing it. This is an important step towards building robots that can function properly as helpers to humen.

Law

Trump’s attempt to block WeChat has been blocked by the courts; now TikTok is in the same government.( The decision allows users to download TikTok; other restrictions that come into effect in November are still in place .) These blocks are only temporary, so probably the future of these companies in the US is in the hands of the law system.I have ensure expressed the view that the EU is interested in the TikTok deal for some unsurprising concludes. The EU is also concerned about social media fellowships headquartered in another superpower amassing their citizens’ data. Unintended ramifications? Content moderation legislation: Brookings reports that legislation is increasingly focused on protecting aggrieved citizens than protecting innovation, and the existing legislation about material moderation is under consideration in Europe, Brazil, the US, and many other countries.There has been a lot of regulation encircling privacy, but privacy regulation doesn’t address the problems raised by biometrics( including face acknowledgment ). A key topic is what happens when data is used outside of its original framework: for example, when “drivers license” photos are used by agencies like ICE. AINow has published a report on the are necessary to biometric regulation.

Virtual and Augmented Reality

VR/ AR glasses again: Facebook programmes releasing the “next step on the road to augmented reality glasses” next year. It apparently won’t have a projector. One believes it will have a camera, privacy concerns notwithstanding.The virtual trading floor: Investment companies are starting to use VR so merchants can experience the trading floor while working from residence.( Is this is something that a good opinion ?) Augmented reality for virtual geology probably isn’t a killer app, but it’s a useful tool for a science that can often involve a lot of travel. The authors say that AR leads to a better learning process than VR because the students can actually appreciate the educator, rather than an avatar. Developing for holographic user interfaces may be the next step after Virtual Reality.

Cloud

“Serverless 2.0 ” from Lightbend: Cloudstate implements function-as-a-service with stateful roles. It remains to be seen how well this will catch on, but til now, FaaS has required roles to be stateless.Microsoft’s Azure Arc tells you integrate on-premises servers or Kubernetes collections with an Azure cloud. There’s been a lot of talk about hybrid cloud, but this strikes me as the most seamless integration possible.Google contributes Confidential VMs and Confidential Kubernetes Engines to its shadow. These encrypt data as it’s in use( in recognition ), as distinct from encrypting data and storage( on saucer) or in flight( on a structure ). Microsoft is experimenting with holographic storage for the vapour: extremely high volume, long-term storage.WebAssembly and Cloud Native: Could Wasm become the language for extending service meshes, admitting developers to write in any language they espouse? Google has been pushing this idea for Envoy and Istio.

Quantum Computing

IBM’s Quantum Roadmap projects a 1000-Qubit machine by 2023. These are “physical” qubits, and is capable of being the equivalent of 50 or so logical qubits.( The gap is due to error correction .) Google has published a similar roadmap, with practical quantum computers( 1 million physical qubits) by 2029.

Security

The Grugq’s interpretation of Cybercraft as a parallel to( and tool of) statecraft needs to inform thinking about security and functionings. This is a consequence of a return to geopolitical competition that isn’t limited to the “great powers.”

Programming

NVIDIA is acquiring ARM for $40 B. This acquisition launches NVIDIA as a powerhouse in general purpose computing, and as serious rivalry for Intel and AMD in their core business. Their intent is clearly to be a one-stop provider for AI and other lotions that require high performance arithmetic.“Everyone will be a software engineer, and scarcely any will know how to code.” A whimsical but prescient commodity be said that the key ability is understanding how to solve problems with software , not produce it. Certainly if no system and low-toned system makes democratize application innovation, we’ll be left with the problem of understanding what the application should do.A video transcoder in the browser consuming Wasm is the most compelling demo of Wasm that I’ve seen yet. Wasm isn’t “coming”; it’s clearly already here. Developers exactly aren’t applying it hitherto.

Cryptocurrency

Many countries( the US is notably absent) are building pandemic-relief programs around central bank digital currency( cryptocurrency ). This is a stepping stone to broader call of digital money.

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